The theory of meridians


Acupuncture is an alternative medical technique typically used for difficult health problems.

Acupuncture is based on a system of philosophy derived from ancient Taoist tachings. The main principle is the fight between opposites, yin and yang, which is the basis of the universe and all that exists . The disease is presented as a lack of ballance between these opposite forces, yet complementary and inextricably linked . Inside the unit of these oppositions there is the universal qi, which gives  vitality to life. The health of an individual depends on his right balance of qi, and the disease is the consequence of the diminution or abundance of qi. The acupuncture aims to balance and rebalance the normal flow of this energy .

The body is like a pincushion for hundreds of acupuncture points that form a topographical pattern on the body surface. The lines connecting a number of points associated with a particular organ, are called meridians. They extend from head to toe and they are the ways through which flows the qi.

The meridian theory is a fundamental component of the basic principle of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM ) . It was developed more than 2000 years ago, in an early stage of its history.

Highlighting the meridians followed the discovery of the acupuncture points on the body surface . It was observed that the sensation that occurs due to puncture during the acupuncture treatment tends to move along a line.

Ancient practitioners have noticed that when an  organ was ill sensitivity may sometimes be detected in a specific area of the body. This observation led to a first rudimentary combination between a specific symptom or syndrome and a specific path on the body surface.

By longtime survey, ancient doctors have established pathways of the 12 main meridians and internal organs connections .

Examining the points, along a particular ” line “, showing similar indications determined the ancient doctors to group them . Based on these” lines ” it  was performed the acupuncture meridian theory . These were not just seen as isolated local points of a simple function but as interdependent elements of an organic entity with multiple functions.

There was also an ” unscientific ” explanation of the knowledge development of  meridians and points. In “The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of  Internal Medicine ” sometimes there are references to the ancient sages and their extrasensory perceptions (ESP) . It is believed that Bian Que was first registered acupuncturist with extrasensory faculties and the ability to ” see ” the organs and meridians functioning within the body.

The amazing thing is that by the time of ” The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of  Internal Medicine ” not only were already known in detail meridian pathways but already sophisticated classification of acupuncture points were performed.

Such a knowledge is a combination of “scientific” deductive method from observation and experience with the inductive method that classifies the phenomenon in conformity with the fundamental philosophical models . Moreover, thinking by analogy based on the correlation between the macrocosm and the microcosm of the human body   has played a role in the development of the theory of meridians .

Ancient physicians observations on anatomy and physiology of the human body helped develop the theory of meridians.

Thus, the basics of meridians and the anatomical and physiological phenomena that are assigned to the  meridians relied on applying accepted knowledge of anatomy and physiology of that age.

The human body form an organic whole because of these internal and external connections and vertical distribution of the meridians. The qi flows through meridians , Yin and Yang are adjusted , thus maintaining the balance between the functions of all body parts .

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